It was a century ago, in 1917, when Dutch movement/collective De Stijl was founded in Amsterdam. Named after De Stijl magazine, first published in that year by critic and designer Theo van Doesburg, among its members were artists, architects, and designers. They preached for pure abstraction in painting and architecture by reduction to the very essentials, in both color and form. The ideal composition, formulated at De Stijl was based on vertical and horizontal forms and lines in black, white, and primary colors. It has made history and can be seen in some of the icons featured here. This year, Holland celebrates the centennial ‘100 Years of De Stijl’ with events, exhibitions, and programs. Above: Theo van Doesburg and Cornelis van Eesteren house, 1923.